Every year in the United States about 900,000 people suffer from blood clots. According to the National Blood Clot Alliance one in three diagnosed may die.
The blood clot is a gelled mass made of fibrin and blood platelets. They form inside of arteries or veins as a body’s effort to fix damage to a blood vessel. But, if a clot forms inappropriately, can cause a major problem. If the clot is formed on a wrong place, then blood flow is decreased.
Major problem with blood clots is that people can’t recognize the symptoms. Also, they don’t know the factors that contribute to developing blood clots.

Signs Of Blood Clots You Need To Pay Attention To

Blood Clot Causes

Below are conditions and lifestyle choices that can cause blood clots:

• Heart conditions like heart rhythm disturbance and atrial fibrillation
• Pregnancy and up to 6 weeks after the baby birth
• The use of methods of birth control that contain estrogen, for example the pill, ring or patch
• Hormone replacement therapy that includes estrogen
• Prolonged immobilization, like sitting for a long time and not moving
• Major surgery, especially orthopedic when the patient is immobilized (abdomen, hip, pelvis and knee surgeries)
• Broken bone or muscle injury
• Cancer and cancer treatments
• Blood clot disorders, as Factor V Leiden
• Obesity

Blood Clot Symptoms

Deep vein thrombosis is actually blood clots form in the blood vessels. But, they can break off and go to the lungs. This condition is known as pulmonary embolism.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Symptoms

DVT (deep vein thrombosis) occurs when the blood clots form in the deep veins, for example in the arms or legs. When they are formed, usually the area swells and the pain is similar to a cramp, charley horse or muscle soreness.
The skin color of the area turns into a reddish or bluish color and it is warm to the touch.
If you notice symptoms like these, contact your doctor.

Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms

It is very important to discover a DVT in early stage, because if it breaks off the vain can travel to the lungs and cause pulmonary embolism (PE).
The signs of PE are sharp chest pain, sudden shortness of breath, unexplained cough (often with bloody mucus) and rapid heart rate.
If you have some of these symptoms, immediately call 911.

Detection
To detect where the clot is, doctors use an ultrasound, but if the ultrasound doesn’t show anything then an MRI can be used. Also, there is a D-dimer test.

Treatment
Treatment depends upon the location of the clot and its cause. It can be treated with anticoagulation medications that thin the blood, or sometimes may require a surgery to remove the clot.

Prevention
Prevention relies on focusing to the risk factors like smoking, high blood pressure, heavy weight, diabetes, vascular diseases and high cholesterol.
Also, it is very important to know the family blood clot history.
Another prevention method is to move or get up if you travel or sit for a long time.

 

Source: medicinenet.com

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